Organ Transplant: A Boon in Irreversible Organ Failure

Organ Transplant: A Boon in Irreversible Organ Failure

An organ transplant is a surgical procedure in which a healthy organ is surgically removed from a healthy donor and is surgically implanted in the recipient, who has either a damaged organ or the organ is absent. It is a miracle for people suffering from terminal and irreversible organ failure.

The organ recipient is either in the same place as the donor or the organ sent from the donor’s site to the recipient.

  • If the donor and recipient of an organ or tissue is the same person, it is an autograft.
  • If the organ transplant involves two persons of the same species either alive or dead is an allograft.
  • When organ or tissue transplant involves two different species then it is known as xenograft or xenotransplantation.
  • When the person who receives an organ, becomes the donor of the same organ for some other recipient, then it is known as dominos transplantation.

In ABO transplantation, organs from incompatible donors are surgically transplanted in the recipient. The recipient is usually a baby who does not have a well-developed immune system.

Organs and tissues capable of transplantation are:

  • Heart transplant (dead donor) who was brain-dead and had a healthy heart.
  • Heart valve transplant (dead/living/xenograft)
  • Heart-lung transplant (dead/dominos transplant)
  • Lung transplant from a recently dead donor.
  • Kidney (dead/living donors)
  • Liver (dead/ living donors) with a healthy liver graft.
  • Pancreas (only dead donors)
  • Islets of Langerhans (dead/living donors)
  • Intestine (dead/ living donors)
  • Stomach (dead donor)
  • Cornea (dead donor)
  • Skin (autograft) to promote healing.
  • Bone marrow (autograft/ living donors)
  • Blood vessels (autograft/ living donors)
  • Testis (dead/ living donors)

Organs for transplantation need to be retrieved within ten hours after the heart has stopped working in dead donors.

Complications after Organ Transplant

Following compilations arise after organ transplant because of immunosuppressant intake. This prevents the immune system to fight against:

  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol level
  • Increased risk of developing heart disease
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Gout
  • Decreased sexual drive
  • Unwanted hair growth
  • Increased risk of catching an infection
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Anemia
  • Puffy face
  • Arthritis
  • Ravenous appetite
  • Weaken bone
  • Rashes and acne
  • Mood swings
  • Tingling in hand and feet
  • Weight gain
  • Tremors
  • Swelling in hand and weight

Lifestyle changes after Organ Transplant: Tips to lead a healthy life

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat healthy food
  • Take your medicines regularly
  • Visit a doctor if you find new symptoms after an organ transplant.
  • Do inform the doctor that you have undergone an organ transplant operation recently.
  • Exercise regularly as advised by your doctor
  • Control your blood sugar and blood pressure
  • Reduce the stress level in your life
  • Eat protein-rich food
  • Drink plenty of water and fluid
  • Avoid high sodium-rich food
  • Avoid fatty and oily food
  • Get enough rest and sleep
  • Monitor your body temperature regularly.
  • Avoid weight gain
  • Prevent crowded places to avoid infection
  • Keep yourself happy and positive

List of Top 20 Organ Transplant Surgeons

Organ Transplantation Hospitals in India
  1. Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital , Baner Road, Pune
  2. B J Medical College and Sassoon Hospital, Pune
  3. Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital , Baner Road, Pune
  4. Breech Candy, Mumbai Maharashtra India
  5. Bhatia Hospital, Mumbai Maharashtra
  6. Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre
  7. Ruby Hall Clinic, Wanowrie,Pune
  8. D. Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai India
  9. Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
  10. Jupiter Hospital, Thane Mumbai
  11. Fortis Hospital, Mumbai,Maharashtra, India
  12. Asian Heart Institute and Research Centre, Mumbai
  13. Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi
  14. VGM Hospital , Singanallur Coimbatore Best multi-specialty accredited hospitals from Coimbatore
  15. Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon, India

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