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Ulcerative Colitis: a painful condition of the Colon

Ulcerative Colitis a painful condition of the Colon: Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease with marked inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. This condition typically involves the anus, rectum and distal colon, and sometimes also affects the large intestine completely.

This disease mostly affects people who are in their twenties or in their thirties, it also affects people in their sixties too. This condition increases the risk of developing colon cancer later.

This condition is very much like Crohn’s disease. The fact that both the diseases affect people in their twenties or in their thirties mostly affecting the digestive tract, but where Crohn’s disease affects anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract ulcerative colitis mostly affecting the colon, anus, and rectum.

Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation only in the mucosal layer of the colon, whereas Crohn’s disease causes transmural or submucosal inflammation.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are the following:

  • Bloody diarrhea or loose stool with pus.
  • Abdominal cramps or abdominal colic.
  • Severe pain in the rectum
  • Pain during the passage of stools is a characteristic symptom of this disease.
  • In severe cases passage of more than six bloody stools in a day.
  • Anemia
  • Constant urge to pass stool
  • Difficulty in the passage of stools even after severe urge to pass stool.
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal tenderness in severe cases.

Causes:

The following factors cause ulcerative colitis:

  • People with close biological relatives having ulcerative colitis.
  • It may cause due to an overreaction of the immune system causing inflammation of the intestinal mucosa causing symptoms.
  • Bacteria, virus and other external environmental factors an also result or stimulate inflammation which is at times uncontrollable.

Risk factors:

The following people at higher risk of developing this disease:

  • People with a family history of ulcerative colitis.
  • Bacterial or viral infection causing an abnormal immune response in the gut.
  • People who are less than thirty years.
  • European Jews.
  • Usage of certain medications to treat pimples.
  • More common in people who have quit smoking.
  • Usage of contraceptive pills.
  • Usage of antibiotic flares the symptoms.
  • Stress and diet have an impact on the symptoms.

Complications:

The following are the compilations of ulcerative colitis:

  • Dehydration
  • Anemia
  • Perforation of the colon
  • Severe bleeding from the intestine
  • Weakness of bones
  • Toxic megacolon
  • Colon cancer
  • Pain in joints and bones
  • Inflammation of eyes
  • Liver disease

Lifestyle tips to manage symptoms:

The following tips to manage symptoms of ulcerative colitis are the following:

  • Control and keep up the electrolyte balance of the body.
  • Eat healthy food to restore electrolyte balance.
  • The patient must take the high-calorie diet.
  • Avoid spicy food.
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Avoid stress
  • Eat smaller portions of a meal
  • Avoid fatty food
  • Limit dairy intake.
  • Talk to your doctor if you experience new symptoms.
  • Eat iron and calcium-rich food to avoid compilations.
  • Eat fiber-rich food.
  • Exercise regularly.

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