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Diagnostic Tests

A computed-tomography or a CT scan is the superimposition of multiple X-ray images taken from different angles to create a cross-sectional view of the patient. Know more about- CT Scan

Anoscopy is a procedure performs by the help of anoscope for the identification of abnormalities present in gastrointestinal track. Anoscope is made of plastic or stainless steel. Know more about- Anoscopy

An arthroscopic surgery is performed examine and sometimes treat damage caused to a joint using an arthroscope. It is a minimally invasive procedure and is also sometimes known as a keyhole surgery. Know more about: Arthroscopy Surgery

Abdominal ultrasound is conducted to study kidney, liver, gallbladder, bile duct, pancreas, spleen, and abdominal aorta. Know more aboutAbdominal Ultrasound

Acupuncture is ancient technique used to treat various conditions by triggering specific points on skin with the help of needle. This method is helpful in the improvement of functions of the body. Know more aboutAcupuncture

Angioplasty, also popularly known as balloon angioplasty, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to widen the narrowed arteries and veins that typically restrict blood flow. Know more –Angioplasty

Bone density test is useful to detect osteoporosis. Bone density test is carried out by using x- rays. Hip bone, spine, and sometimes forearm bone is tested most of the time. Read more- Bone density test

Bone Density Test

Bone marrow transplant is surgical procedure which performed for replacement of bone marrow. Bone marrow is soft fatty tissue present inside the bones. Read more about- Bone marrow transplant

Bone Marrow Transplant

Blood testing is a part of standard healthcare. It helps to diagnose the specific conditions. Know more- Blood testing

Blood Testing

A Caesarean (C-Section) delivery is a surgical procedure wherein cuts are made to the abdomen and the uterus to deliver a baby. Although it is usually planned before the delivery process, some natural birth cases may be done via a C-section when the mother develops certain pregnancy complications during or prior to labour. Read more aboutCaesarean Section

Caesarean Section

A Carotid Ultrasound or a Carotid Doppler is an imaging technique used by the doctors to diagnose obstructions in the blood flow through the carotid arteries in your neck. Know more about Carotid Ultrasound

Carotid Ultrasound/Carotid Doppler

X-ray is a medical test conducted by using radiograph. Chest X-ray performed to study heart, lungs, blood vessels and bones present in chest cavity. X-ray is oldest and mostly used technique to identify the abnormalities within the body. Know more about Chest X-ray

Chest X-Ray

A colonoscopy is performed on an individual to diagnose any medical conditions or abnormalities in the large intestine and rectum. A colonoscope is a long tune with a camera at its tip. This tube is inserted inside the person’s body through his anus into the intestine via the rectum. Know more aboutColonoscopy


A computed-tomography or a CT scan is the superimposition of multiple X-ray images taken from different angles to create a cross-sectional view of the patient. Know more about- Computed-tomography

Computed Tomography/CT

Cystourethrogram is an imaging technique that involves taking X-ray images of your bladder and urethra while urinating. Know more about Cystourethrogram

Cystoscopy allows the doctor to examine your bladder walls and urethra. The test is performed under local anesthesia usually to numb the urethra. Know more about –Cystoscopy 


In excisional biopsy procedure all or part of abnormal tissues present in the breast are remove by making incision on it. Excisional biopsy puts scars on the breast and cause noticeable changes in the breast shape and size. Know more aboutExcisional biopsy of the breast

(Read more: Excisional Biopsy of the Breast)

Hysteroscopy is a procedure conducted for the diagnosis of uterus with the help of hysteroscope.  Know more about- Hysteroscopy

(read more: Hysteroscopy)

Liver biopsy is process in which tissue sample is collected by using small insertion of needle. Liver biopsy is conducted to evaluate abnormalities in the liver. Know more aboutLiver Biopsy

(Know more: Liver Biopsy)

Pelvic ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic imaging procedure performed to assess the structures in a female’s pelvic region. Know more about- Pelvic Ultrasound

(read more: Pelvic Ultrasound and Transvaginal Ultrasound)

Thoracentesis, also known as a pleural tap, is performed to analyse the fluid filled in the pleural space around the lungs and to determine the cause of fluid accumulation. Know more about-Thoracentesis

(read about: Pleural Fluid Sampling/Thoracentesis)

Radionuclide Scanning method is applied to image bones, organs, and different parts of the body by giving the person a small dose of radioactive drug which acts as a tracer. Know more about- Radionuclide Scanning

(know about: Radionuclide Scanning)

A scratch test or an allergy skin test is done to test for any allergies that an individual may have. In the test, the individual’s skin on his arm is scratched and exposed to a range of allergy-causing substances. Read more aboutScratch Test

(know about: Scratch Test for Allergies)

Sputum Evaluation, or Sputum Induction, is done on individual who cannot spontaneously produce sputum. This is a test that gives an indication for pulmonary tuberculosis (pulmonary TB). Know more about- Sputum Evaluation

(know more: Sputum Evaluation and Sputum Induction)

Vaginitis, or vulvovaginitis, is a medical condition which involves the inflammation or infection in the vagina and/or vulva of a woman. Know more about- Vaginitis Tests

(read about: Testing for Vaginitis for Yeast Infections, Trichomonas, and Gardnerella)

Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT) are performed on individuals to test their lung capacity and they are non-invasive in nature. These tests aim to measure the lung volume, flow rate, lung capacity, and gas exchange. Know more about- Pulmonary Function Testing

(know about: Pulmonary Function Testing)

A pacemaker is a small device that is implanted in your chest or abdomen to correct the irregular beats of the heart. It is essentially a life-sustaining device and used to treat arrhythmias. Know more about- Pacemaker

(Read about: Pacemaker)

A digital rectal exam is performed to check the lower rectum and nearby internal organs to check for any infections or inflammation. Know more about- Digital Rectal Exam

(read about: Digital Rectal Exam)

An electrocardiogram (ECG) is the recording of the electrical activity of the heart. It is a very common and easy test used to detect a wide range of cardiac problems and the overall health of your heart. Know more about- Electrocardiogram

(read about: Electrocardiogram/EKG)

Fluorescein angiography is used to detect the human eye. In fluorescein angiography method sodium fluorescein dye injected into a vein in the arm, dye circulates in body through circulatory system. Know more about- Fluorescein Angiography

(read: Fluorescein Angiography- the Test for Diabetic Retinopathy)

Immunotherapy is biologic therapy used for cancer treatment. It is useful therapy for improvement of immune system. Immunotherapy is help to stop growth of cancerous cell which help to stop spreading of cancer to other parts of body. Know more about- Immunotherapy

(read more: Immunotherapy)

LASIK surgery is eye surgery used to treat myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Read more about LASIK 

(read: LASIK)

Lumbar puncture is a process in which cerebrospinal fluid is withdrawn by the help of needle. Cerebrospinal fluid is a fluid surrounding the spinal cord. Read more aboutLumbar puncture

(read: Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap)

Hysterosalpingogram is a test conducted to examine the uterus and fallopian tube. It is used to identify infertility and recent abortion. Read more about- Hysterosalpingogram

(read: Hysterosalpingogram)

In the fecal occult test stool sample is taken for lab test to identify hidden blood. Sometimes occult blood is passed in too small amount that could not identify without using chemicals. Fecal occult blood test is only shows hidden blood for detection of source another tests need to be conducted. Know more about- Fecal Occult Blood Test

(read Fecal Occult Blood Test)

Endometrial biopsy is the process use to identify the problems in the uterus. Uterus is the pear shape organ located in the lower belly. Know more about-Endometrial biopsy

Pap smear test is test conducted for the screening of presence of cancerous cells in the cervix area.  Cervix is narrow end part of uterus. Know more about-Pap test

Pneumonectomy is a process in which whole lung are remove. Lungs are two large organ of respiratory system which filter oxygen from air and put it into blood. Read more about Pneumonectomy

(read about: Pneumonectomy)

A rapid strep test (RST) is an antigen detecting test used to determine the presence of bacteria called group A Streptococcus (group A strep) in your throat and tonsils. This bacteria lives in the nose and the throat and can be easily spread to other people. Read more about- Rapid Strep Test

(read about: Rapid Strep Test)

Stereotactic Biopsy uses mammography to help locate any abnormal growth in the breast tissue and cut a sample of it for further examination to test for cancer. Read more aboutStereotactic Biopsy

(know about: Stereotactic Biopsy of the Breast)

The diagnostic test used to detect the presence of fungal or bacterial infections in the throat of the individual is called a throat culture. Usually, throat swabs are used to collect the samples and these are suitably cultured in optimum conditions. Read more about Throat culture

(read about: Throat Culture)

The removal of all or parts of the thyroid gland owing to the presence of cancerous cells, noncancerous cells or overactivity of the gland is called thyroidectomy. Read more aboutThyroidectomy

(know about: Thyroidectomy)

This is a non-invasive imaging technique that utilizes high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the internal organs of the body. Know more about- Ultrasound

(read about: Ultrasound)

Insertion of a catheter ( latex or silicone tube) into the bladder through the urethra is called urinary catheterization. It is done to collect urine from the bladder or to inject liquids that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of bladder conditions. Know more aboutUrinary catheterization

(read about: Urinary Catheterization)

The nuclear medicine scan that is done to examine the airflow and blood flow in the lungs through the use of radioactive materials to examine the presence of blood clots is called a ventilation-perfusion scan. Read more about- VQ Scan

(read about: Ventilation-Perfusion Scan or V-Q Scan)

Angiography is carried out in the radiology department. Catheter angiography conducted by using Catheter. Use of catheter in the angiography help to combined diagnosis and treatment together. The clear and accurate images obtained by catheter angiography reduced the need for surgery. Know more- Catheterized Angiography

A pacemaker is battery operated devised used to correct irregular breathing of heart. A pacemaker is approximately 30 gram in weight having two parts one is a generator with battery to control heartbeat and another are leads which contain wires which connect heart and generator. Read more Artificial pacemakers.

Implantable defibrillators are small battery device which helps in the regulation of heart rhythm. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator is helped to control the cardiac rhythm and irregular heartbeats. Know more Implantable defibrillators

Holter monitor is a device which is use to track cardiac rhythm. This is wearable device doctor suggest to wear for one to two days to record patient heartbeat.And Event monitor is a device use for recording of electrical activity of heart.ECG and event monitors are used to diagnosis the problem of heart by using electric signaling. Read more Holter monitor and Event monitor

Pleural fluid sampling is carried out when excessive fluid is saturated in pleural space. Saturation of fluid may be cause due to cancerous tumor, pneumonia, lung infection, chronic lung diseases or heart failure. Know more about- Pleural Fluid Sampling

Amniocentesis is a process of removal of amniotic fluids from uterus for testing. Amniotic fluids help to protect and provide proteins to the child during pregnancy. Read more aboutAmniocentesis

Abortion is a termination of pregnancy by taking medicine or by surgical procedure. Abortion is carries out before third trimester. Mostly abortion is carried out when child growth with severe disability or mother have risk of life. Read more about- Abortion (Termination Of Pregnancy)

Detailed examination of back bones and spine are conducted by using back X-ray. In the Back X-ray Separate images of cervical thoracic and spine are taken. Know more aboutBack X-ray

Back X-Rays

Barium Enema Exam is conducted to study abnormalities in intestine. Barium enema procedure is also called colon x-ray. Liquid injection is injected in the rectum by the help of small tube. Barium enema process is better than normal X-ray. Barium enema gives clear images of colon. Read moreBarium Enema

Barium Enema

Transrectal ultrasound is carried out for the evaluation of prostate gland. Transrectal ultrasound is useful for the detection of cancer of colon. Read more-Transrectal ultrasound

Prostate part is situated below the bladder and in front of rectum. Prostate is walnut shaped gland produces semen fluids and sperms in the testicles. Prostate biopsy is conducted to remove small samples from samples for cancer testing. Read more- Biopsy of the prostate

Biopsy of the Prostate/Transrectal Ultrasound

Breast ultrasound is use to study the internal structure of breast. Breast ultrasound is useful to identify abnormalities present in the breast like lumps, cyst or nodules. Know more aboutBreast ultrasound

Breast Ultrasound

Bone marrow is soft tissue present inside the bone which helps to produce RBC, WBC, platelets, fat, cartilages and bone. Two types of bone marrow present in the bone that is red bone marrow and yellow bone marrow.  Read moreBone marrow biopsy

Bone Marrow Biopsy

Bone scan is conducted for the diagnosis of bone problems by the help of radioactive drug. Bone scan is helpful to understand problem related to the bone metabolism. Read more about- Bone scan

(Know more: Bone Scan)

Bronchoscopy test is useful in the diagnosis of lung disease.  Bronchoscope is use to conduct the bronchoscopy. Read more aboutBronchoscopy

[Know more: Bronchoscopy]

This procedure is used to diagnose any cardiac conditions the individual might be facing. A catheter is a thin tube which usually has a camera and sometimes, a mechanical apparatus attached to one of its ends. Read more about- Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac Catheterization

In these tests the small metal electrodes are get attached to the scalp to identify the electric activity of brain. EEG is useful diagnosis for the epilepsy and other brain disorders. Know more about- Electroencephalogram


Echocardiogram is test used to study the function of heart by using ultrasound. It is helpful to identify the heart diseases, monitoring heart valve diseases, and observation after doing surgical treatment. Know more about-Echocardiogram


Chemotherapy is a powerful treatment option advised to cancer patients by their doctors. Chemotherapeutic drugs are strong chemicals that are responsible for killing cells. The major downside of this treatment is that along with cancerous cells, healthy cells are killed as well. Read more aboutChemotherapy


Cholecystectomy is the term assigned to the removal of gall bladder by surgical means. Gall bladder is located below the liver on the right side of the abdomen, it is responsible for the collection and storage of bile, which is produced by the liver.  Know more aboutCholecystectomy


Colposcopy is a procedure performed on women wherein the doctor inspects the vagina, cervix, and vulva for any signs of infection or outgrowths. Know more aboutColposcopy


Corneal transplant is carried out by surgical procedure. In this procedure part of cornea is replaced with the corneal tissue obtained from donor. Kn ow more about- Corneal Transplant

Corneal Transplant

Fetal ultrasound technique is a technique used to take images of fetus in uterus by the help of ultrasound. Fetal ultrasound is a good technique for detection of fetal growth and abnormalities. Know moreFetal ultrasound

(read more: Fetal Ultrasound)

Foot x-ray is performed to identify injuries to the foot bone. Foot x-ray is useful for the identification of fractures. Foot x-ray is conducted by various views. Know more about- Foot X-ray

(read more: Foot X-Ray)

Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove the uterus. There are different types of hysterectomy are performed. Know more about- Hysterectomy

(read more: Hysterectomy)

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator is small battery device used to for detection of heart beat. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator is placed in the chest; it can deliver electronic shock for the regulation of heart beat. Read more about Implantable cardioverter Defibrillator

(Know more: ICD)

Mammography is a breast detection exam in which low dose x-rays are used. Mammography is also known as a mammogram. It is helpful to diagnose the medical condition. Read more aboutMammography

(Know more: Mammography)

A PET Scan, or positron emission tomography scan, is used to image the functioning of various tissues and organs. The PET Scan uses a radioactive drug tracer which can be either injected orally, inhaled, or via intravenous means depending on the site of inspection. Know more about- Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)

(read about: Positron Emission Tomography/PET Scan)

In skin biopsy procedure physician cut the small sample of skin for the examination. Know more about- Skin biopsy

(click to know: Skin Biopsy)

Suturing technique is ancient technique for the closing cutaneous wound. The materials of sutures are changes day by days. Know more about- Sutures

(read about: Sutures)

Myelography is a procedure in which contrast material is inserted in the spinal cord, nerve root, meninges by using fluoroscopy. It is helpful process for diagnosis of abnormalities. Read more about- Myelography

(read about: Myelography)

This is an imaging procedure that uses radioactive materials called radiotracers to examine the shape, size, position, and functioning of the thyroid gland. Read more aboutThyroid Scan test

(read about: Thyroid Nuclear Medicine Tests or Thyroid Scan)

The normal eye pressure or intraocular pressure is 12-22mmHg. Patients with values higher than this is considered to be susceptible to glaucoma. The test done to measure this change in the intraocular pressure is called tonometry. Read more aboutTonometry

read about: Tonometry)

Upper endoscopy is a diagnostic procedure in which an endoscope is used to view the upper digestive tract that includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Read more aboutUpper endoscopy

(know about: Upper Endoscopy)

A minor surgery done to block the passage of sperm into the semen on ejaculation is called vasectomy. In this, the vas deferens, a tube that is responsible for transporting the sperm from the epididymis to the seminal vesicle, is cut and ligatured.

Read more aboutVasectomy

(know about: Vasectomy)

This is a surgical technique in which small incisions are made to allow the entry of a thoracoscope into the chest to transmit images of this region.

Read more about- Video-assisted thoracic surgery

(read about: Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery)

X-ray is an imaging technique that uses radiation called electromagnetic waves to capture images of the inside of the body. It is a non-invasive method that is used for the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of medical conditions.

Read more aboutX-ray

(know about: X-Rays)

Endoscopy is non surgical procedure used to diagnose the digestive track with the help of endoscope (camera attached into the flexible tube and light). Endoscopy is useful in the evaluation of all digestive tracks in one time without performing any surgery. Know more about- Endoscopy

(read Endoscopy)

Mediastinoscopy is process in which biopsy procedure in which lighted instrument is inserted in the between lungs and chest. General anesthesia is used for pain management. Read more about- Mediastinoscopy

(read more: Mediastinoscopy)

Oxygen is saturated with the hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is blood element which helps to carry oxygen all over the body. Read more aboutOxygen Saturation Test

(read about: Oxygen Saturation Test)

Percutaneous Transhepatic chaolangiography is also known as PTC. It is radiographic technique use to evaluate the billiary tree. Know  more about-Percutaneous Transhepatic Chaolangiography

(read about: Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography/PTCA)

Radiation therapy is used to cure thyroid cancer and blood disorders.Radiation therapy is useful treatment for all types of cancer and non cancerous tumors. Know more about- Radiation therapy

12 lead ECG records the heart activity. On the body surface heart activity is trace by using electrodes. EGC machine and the leads are two components which help to record the activity.  Know more about 12 lead ECG

A prostate-specific Antigen blood Test is performed to test for prostate cancer in men. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) is produced by both, cancerous and non-cancerous cells of the prostate. Read more aboutProstate-Specific Antigen Blood Test

(read more: Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test or PSA Test)

Magnetic Resonance imaging is forward imaging technology which helps to obtained three dimension detailed images of anatomical sites. It mostly use for disease diagnosis, treatment and monitoring. Know more about- MRI

(read about: Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI)

Snellen test is used to evaluate the problems related with visual activity. Snellen test is used to check the persons ability to see the objects and letters. Know more about- Snellen test

This test is done to determine the presence of any ulcers, abnormal cells, polyps, or cancer in the sigmoid colon. Know more aboutSigmoidoscopy

(know more: Sigmoidoscopy)

Genetic screening is application of test on the people for detection of genetic disease. For the genetic screening Approval of the patient family is necessary. Read more- Genetic screening

Barium swallow test is conducted to take close look of mouth and throat and esophagus. Barium swallow test is helpful in the diagnosis of abnormalities present in pharynx, esophagus, stomach or duodenum. Read moreBarium Swallow

Biofeedback is a therapy which is useful to get control in involuntary functions. Biofeedback gives relaxation to the body, which help to cure number of conditions. Know more- Biofeedback

Biopsy is a process in which sample of body tissue is taken from the body to examination. Read moreBiopsy

Large core needle biopsy is a procedure in which breast biopsy is conducted by using small hollow needle.  This hollow tube is attached to the spring loaded tube which helps in fast movement of needle out of the tissue. Read more aboutLarge core needle biopsy

A cervical biopsy is a process that involves removal of a piece of tissue from the cervix to test for the presence of cancers or any abnormal conditions. Know more about Cervical Biopsy

Tuberculosis skin testing, also known as Mantoux Tuberculin Skin Testing  (TST), is used to determine if a person is infected with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Know more aboutTB (Tuberculosis) Skin Test

Transvaginal ultrasound pap test is useful test for identification of cervical cancer. This test collects cells from lower narrow end of uterus at top of the vagina. Papanicolaou smear test is useful for the early detection of cervical cancer. Know more about- Transvaginal ultrasound pap test (Papanicolaou Smear)

This type of biopsy is done for an abnormality in the breast that cannot be felt but is seen in a mammogram.  Read more aboutWire localization biopsy of the breast

What is Erythema multiforme ?

Erythema multiforme is a hypersensitivity disorder in response to infections and medications. It is usually seen in adults and children. It is characterized by symmetric

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What is Septicemia?

It is a serious bloodstream infection and is also known as blood poisoning. Septicemia is life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Causes : The entry

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What is Polycoria?

It is a pathological condition of the eye characterized by more than one pupillary opening in the iris. It is a very rare condition. Causes

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What is Sacroiliitis?

Sacroiliitis is the inflammation of the sacroiliac joint and is the main component of ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment : Alternating between ice and heat to relieve

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is Reboxetine?

Tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are

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