High BMI- An early indicator of health risk
Body Mass Index or BMI is an indicator of a person’s total body fat, a ratio of a person’s weight with respect to height. The formula is weight in Kg divided by Height in m2
Body Mass Index (BMI) guidelines for adults defined by the WHO
- Less than 18.5 – underweight
- 18.5 to 24.9 – healthy weight
- 25 to 29.9 -overweight
- Index of 30 or higher- obese
Body Mass Index is not a marker for other body composition like the amount of fat, tissues, muscle, and bone. It only provides a good measure of obesity. Healthcare professionals screen this index as one of the indicators of health risk. Individuals with a high level are at risk of type 2 diabetes, lipid disorders, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
To ascertain health risks, healthcare professionals also consider other predisposing factors, such as a family history of heart disease, (know about Coronary heart disease) cholesterol level, level of physical activity, blood pressure, gender, age, blood sugar level, etc.