Syphilis: Signs and Symptoms
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted chronic infection caused by Treponema pallidum.
Symptoms develop stagewise and the stages are:
- PRIMARY SYPHILIS: The primary lesion occurs as the spirochete (T. pallidum) the body. It usually heals on its own, within 4-8 weeks, even in the absence of proper treatment.
- SECONDARY SYPHILIS: This stage begins 6-8 weeks after the appearance of the primary lesion. It presents non-itchy rashes on the palms and soles.
- LATENT SYPHILIS: With time, the stage of secondary syphilis is replaced by a latent period.
- TERTIARY SYPHILIS: This stage usually takes 3-10 years or more to develop after the primary infection. It affects the skin, mucosa, bone, and joints.
- QUATERNARY SYPHILIS It affects the heart and the nervous system. It is extremely rare.
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