Paresthesia is autoimmune disorder in which itching, crowning or numbness in the skin occurs. Every person suffers from paresthesia when needle inserted into the legs or arms. This sensation occurs because of pressure on the nerve. Paresthesia can affect on any part of extremities. This paresthesia is maybe temporary or chronic.
- Symptoms: – numbness, weakness, tingling, burning or feeling cold in the extremities is common symptoms of both temporary and chronic paresthesia.
- Causes: – The pressure on nerve or disturb blood circulation may cause temporary paresthesia. Damage nerve shows chronic paresthesia. The nerve damage is differentiated into the two types that are radiculopathy and neuropathy. Radiculopathy is condition in which nerve root are compressed, swell, or irritated. Radiculopathy is occurs due to disk hernia which allows pressure on nerve. Narrowing spinal canal which joins the extremities and spinal cord. Radiculopathy occurs in lumbar reason called lumbar radiculopathy and the cervical reason called cervical radiculopathy. Neuropathy occurs due to chronic nerve damage. The causes of nerve damage are hyperglycemia, high blood sugar level. Also neuropathy may cause due to kidney diseases, neurological diseases, and repetitive movement injuries, autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis or fall.
- Treatment: – Paresthesia diagnosed by physical examination and x-ray, CT, MRI images of the extremities. The cause of paresthesia helps to treat the paresthesia. Physical therapy is useful to treat paresthesia.