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Alzheimer’s Disease: The Memory Loss Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease: Symptoms | Causes | Risk factors

Alzheimer’s is a disease associated with loss of memory. The patient suffers from dementia or loss of memory, along with changes in behavior and thinking. The symptoms are progressive in nature, getting worse over time, making it difficult to perform daily activities. Alzheimer’s is not a part of aging, but older people are at higher risk of developing this condition. Around 90% of people who have Alzheimer’s are above 65 years.

There is no cure for this disease, and it is estimated that a person survives around 4-8 years after being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. However, cases face been recorded where people survive up to 20 years after being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s depending upon certain circumstances.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s:

Alzheimer’s can be divided into three groups with different sets of symptoms in the three phases.

Mild Alzheimer’s:

  • Loss of interest in anything.
  • You forget recent activities and conversations.
  • Trouble putting thoughts into words.
  • Depression
  • Difficulty in following instructions
  • Difficulty in coordination, things tend to fall out of hand.
  • Getting lost in familiar locations.

Moderate Alzheimer’s:

This stage can last from two to ten years. The symptoms of this stage are:

  • Rambling words
  • Trouble using the right words.
  • Difficulty in solving problems
  • Getting lost in familiar locations
  • Mistrust against caregivers
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Wandering
  • Frustration

Severe Alzheimer’s:

Severe Alzheimer’s is the third and most severe

stage of Alzheimer’s, which lasts one to three years.

Patients experience the following symptoms:

  • Significant confusion regarding past and present happenings.
  • A difficulty associated with expressing themselves.
  • Lack of control over bladder and bowel movements
  • Loss of weight
  • Seizure
  • Skin infection
  • Extreme mood swings
  • Hallucinations
  • Difficulty moving on their own.

Read more: Alzheimer patients: Issues to deal with Alzheimer

Causes:

Although the exact cause of Alzheimer’s is not known yet, the doctor believes that the disease is caused due to the following reasons:

  • Age, as people over 65 years are more prone to develop the disease.
  • Women are at higher risk than men.
  • Severe head injury.
  • Family history
  • People suffering from downs syndrome
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension

Risk factors:

The risk factors for Alzheimer’s are:

  • Head injury
  • Family history
  • Latinos and African Americans are at higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s.
  • Women are at higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s than men.
  • People over 65 years are at higher risk.
  • People with downs syndrome are at risk of developing Alzheimer’s.
  • People with high cholesterol levels.
  • People with high blood pressure.

Lifestyle changes to ward off Alzheimer’s:

  • Exercise helps to prevent Alzheimer’s, people who suffer from Alzheimer’s if exercise regularly, it helps to slow down the progression of the disease.
  • Eating a Mediterranean diet helps to thwart the disease or slow the progression of the disease.
  • Mediterranean diet, which is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains nuts, and olive oil along with legumes, fishes. Moderate amounts of poultry, eggs, and dairy products along with a reasonable amount of red wine and sparingly red meat.
  • Getting enough sleep helps prevent the progression of Alzheimer’s.
  • Connect socially

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