Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder with prominent mood swings

Bipolar Disorder with prominent mood swings:

Symptoms and Risk factors

Bipolar Disorder is a mental illness that has prominent mood swings. The mood swings are usually very extreme cases of sadness to elevated mood. Bipolar disease one of the most common types of mental illness. The symptoms begin to appear by the age of twenty-five years.

The depression phase associated with bipolar disorder can last at least two weeks whereas the maniac episodes usually last for several days or weeks. In this case, it is very difficult for people to manage everyday activities including work and school.

Types:
  1. Bipolar I &II types: This type of bipolar disorder is marked by maniac episodes that last for at least a week. The symptoms can be severe and may need hospitalization. Depression is also seen in many cases which lasts for two weeks. Sometimes Depression and mania are present together. On some occasions, it is marked by depression and a state of hypomania. The state of mania is not very aggressive.
  2. Cyclothymic disorder: This type of bipolar disease has many episodes of hypomania and depression which usually lasts for two years.
  3. Unspecified bipolar disorder: In this type of bipolar disorder the symptoms are unique and do not match the other three types of bipolar disorder.

Symptoms associated with maniac episodes:

Bipolar Disorder

  • Feeling very high or energetic.
  • They feel full of energy and do not get tired.
  • Engaging in risky activities.
  • The habit of overspending.
  • They feel they can do a lot of things at the same time.
  • Difficult to fall asleep
  • Become loquacious or talk too much during attacks of mania.
  • Become hyperactive.
  • Very sensitive and touchy.
  • Even the slightest thing can irritate him.
  • Sometimes become aggressive
  • They feel weird and jumpy
  • Hallucinations of being spied
  • Highly alert to the outside environment
  • Gets distracted easily
  • A sense that they can do everything

Symptoms associated with depression:

  • Feels very low, sad and empty.
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Decreased levels of activity.
  • Difficulty in sleeping or sleeps too much.
  • Do not communicate much.
  • A feeling of not being able to do anything
  • Difficulty to concentrate.
  • Feeling tired and lacks energy.
  • Becomes forgetful.
  • A feeling of emptiness persists.
  • Worried about the future.
  • Increase or decrease in appetite.

Risk factors:

  • Studies reveal that the brain structure and function of people having bipolar disorder is different than healthy people or people suffering from other mental ailments.
  • Bipolar disorder is seen to run in the family.
  • Substance abuse may be alcohol or drugs or both.
  • Stressful life.
  • Loss of a loved one.
Complications:
  • Relationship issues.
  • Suicidal tendency.
  • Substance abuse.
  • Financial issues.
  • Poor performance at work.
Disorders mostly associated with bipolar disorder:
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Eating Disorder.
  • Alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Obesity
  • Thyroid Disorder
  • Heart disease
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Severe headaches
Lifestyle changes to manage symptoms:
  • Take medicine regularly as advised by the doctor
  • Go for screening regularly to detect any possible symptoms
  • Talk to your doctor about any new symptoms experienced by you
  • Walk regularly
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat healthy food
  • Avoid stimulants like alcohol, cigarette, nicotine, drugs
  • Avoid excessive consumption of tea and coffee
  • Meet people and ndulge in social activities.

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