Laparoscopic Surgery: Procedure and Risk Factors
Laparoscopic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery which is used for diagnosing problems in the abdomen or the reproductive system of women. Laparoscopic operation is different and better than “open” surgery which is done by making an incision of several inches long in the abdomen.
A laparoscope is used for the operation, which is a long, slender tube inserted into the abdomen by making a small incision. A camera is attached to the tube through which the doctors monitor the internal organs. If some problem needs to be fixed, other instruments are used. These instruments are generally inserted by making small incisions through the abdomen and are used to treat the problem.
Why is it performed?
Laparoscopic surgery is done to identify and treat the causes of chronic pain in the pelvic region, to remove tumors, blockages, and infertility. It is used to diagnose the cause of unexplained bleeding and infections. It is used to remove an ectopic pregnancy, a pregnancy that grows outside the uterus, and can be life-threatening for the pregnant women. It is also used to perform a hysterectomy, to treat cancer, abnormal bleeding, or other disorders. It can also be used to treat incontinence, which is involuntary or accidental urine leakage.
Laparoscopy can be suggested to a person who:
– Has abdominal cancer.
– Feels a lump in the abdomen.
– Has severe chronic pain in the pelvis or the abdomen.
– Wants surgical birth control.
– Is having trouble getting pregnant.
Laparoscopic surgery has many benefits. It is a minimally invasive surgery. The recovery is generally faster than open abdominal operations due to smaller size and number of incisions. The patient can be discharged in 24 hours. And it has fewer risks of infection.
Risks in a laparoscopic operation include:
– Internal bleeding
– Hernia (bulging caused by poor healing of the incision site)
– Mild abdominal pain after the operation.