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Parkinson’s Disease-Symptoms and Management

Parkinson’s Disease-Symptoms and Management

Parkinson is a nervous system disorder which is progressive in nature, affecting movement. Symptoms appear gradual, initially, the symptoms are barely noticeable. Tremors are usually seen in patients. Muscle stiffness and slowing of joints are also seen in Parkinson’s disease.

In the early stages of Parkinson the expressions on the face are either completely lost or to some extent have been altered. Arm legs coordination while walking is lost. As the disease progresses the speech becomes slurred.

There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but the symptoms can be managed with proper medication. Occasionally doctors can advise surgery also.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s:

The symptoms of Parkinson’s are usually different for everyone. Initially, the symptoms are very mild and usually go unnoticed. Symptoms begin on either side of the body and as the disease progresses the affected side gets worse.

The signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s are the following:

  • Tremors, which are very evident in limbs especially in hands. The tremor in hands can be seen as pin rolling tremor where the fingers are rubbed against the thumb.
  • Slowed movement or bradykinesia which makes the simple movement of the body difficult and time-consuming.
  • The muscles become rigid causing painful movements along with a limited range of movement of joints.
  • Speech becomes soft, quick and slurred. The speech becomes monotonous with no usual infliction in speech.
  • It becomes very difficult to write.
  • The posture becomes Stooped.
  • Loss of automatic movement like swinging arms while walking.

Causes:

The exact cause of Parkinson’s is unknown but few environmental factors that play a role are:

  • Genes
  • Environmental triggers such as certain toxins may increase the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.

Risk factors:

The risk factors for developing Parkinson’s disease are the following:

  • Parkinson’s disease usually begins in middle-aged to old people. It hardly affects young adults. As age increases the risk of developing Parkinson’s also increases.
  • Men are at higher risk of developing Parkinson’s disease than women.
  • If a close relative is affected with Parkinson’s disease then the chances of developing Parkinson’s disease increases for you.
  • Exposure to toxins such as herbicides and pesticides increases the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.

Complications:

The complications associated with Parkinson’s disease are the following:

  • Loss of memory or dementia
  • Difficulty in thinking
  • Depression
  • Fear
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of motivation
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Drooling of saliva
  • Waking up early and sleeping during the day
  • Waking up several times during sleep
  • Unable to control urine, sometimes there is difficulty to pass urine
  • Constipation
  • Sudden drop of blood pressure when standing
  • Difficulty in identifying the smell and also difficulty in differentiating odors.
  • Fatigue especially at the end of the day.
  • Pain throughout the body
  • A decrease in sexual desire

Lifestyle modifications for Parkinson’s disease:

Leading a healthy life is considered to help control the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, especially in early stages may help to delay to start medication. The following tips can help delay the progression of the disease:

  • Maintain a healthy diet.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Get adequate rest
  • Manage stress

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2 thoughts on “Parkinson’s Disease-Symptoms and Management”

    1. There is a significant difference between Parkinson’s disease and Epilepsy.

      What is it?
      Parkinson is a nervous system disorder that is progressive in nature, affecting movement.
      While Epilepsy is a condition that is marked by recurrent seizures caused due to repetitive abnormal electrical discharge within the brain.

      Who does get affected?
      Parkinson’s disease usually begins in middle-aged to old people.
      Epilepsy is most common among children and older adults, young adults are rarely affected. It is one of the most common neurological disorders.

      Symptoms
      Symptoms appear gradually, tremors are usually seen in patients, muscle stiffness and slowing of joints are also seen in Parkinson’s disease. In the early stages of Parkinson the expressions on the face are either completely lost or to some extent have been altered. Arm leg coordination while walking is lost. As the disease progresses the speech becomes slurred.
      While in epilepsy, the symptoms vary in different people. Few experience mild symptoms during a seizure-like stare blankly while the others may experience twitching of muscles of hands and legs.

      Treatment
      There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but the symptoms can be managed with proper medication.
      Epilepsy is incurable generally but with regular medications the symptoms are manageable.

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