Staging surgery: Why is it needed?
Staging surgery, also called surgical staging is most commonly performed in endometrial cancer to remove the uterus, cervix, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node tissues. It is an accurate method of determining the extent of the disease. Patients suffering from ovarian cancers are mostly advised for surgical staging.
During the procedure, an incision is made in the abdomen to examine the organs within the pelvis and abdomen for signs of cancer. Samples of tissues are taken from various affected areas and are sent to the specialized pathologist. If the pathologist finds evidence of ovarian cancer in the section, then the surgeon attempts to remove as much cancerous tissue as possible. This is an important step in the treatment of ovarian cancer and is called surgical staging.
This procedure is performed to access the extent of the disease. Decisions for further treatment of cancer, like chemotherapy, are taken after the surgical staging of cancer.
Although staging surgery involves the removal of all cancerous parts in the ovary, fallopian tube, and uterus, it also includes the removal of lymph nodes and other organs, depending upon the various examinations.
Like all types of cancer treatments, the surgical staging also has side effects. The treatment may affect routine functions at work, home, intimate relationships, feelings, and thought.