Vaccination chart for babies

Vaccination chart for babies in India

Chart for babies Vaccination in India

The first disease that introduced the concept of vaccination to this world was smallpox. Inoculation of material from cowpox pustules was found to protect against cowpox in the future. This phenomenon was identified by Edward Jenner, the father of vaccination. Following this revelation, the practice of immunization spread across the globe, and at the dawn of bacteriology, developments began to occur rapidly. By the middle of the 20th century, vaccines for polio, measles, mumps, rubella, and other diseases arrived. These reduced the disease burden significantly and provided the much-needed drive for vaccine research. This article will discuss few concerns around why vaccination is needed in babies and vaccination charts. 

Why is vaccination needed for babies? 

Immunization is a critical component of the healthcare sector. It currently prevents over 2 to 3 million deaths every year that might have occurred due to tetanus, diphtheria, and other infectious diseases.

Babies usually receive many vaccines within the first nine months of their birth, vital for their survival. Protection from infectious diseases is one of the main reasons for vaccinating babies, but the indisputable fact is that vaccinating keeps the baby healthy. It is equally important to maintain the schedule of the Vaccination chart of babies. 

Although vaccinating might result in the baby suffering from a mild infection for some time, you cannot forgo it entirely. Avoiding them increases the child’s risk of contracting the disease in the future, which might result in fatality.

The Government of India laid out one of the most extensive immunization programs in the world in 1978. In 1985, this program was called the Universal Immunization Programme, and this is now a vital component of the National Reproductive and Child Health Programme. The National Immunization Schedule covers vaccination for seven – vaccine-preventable diseases.

The schedule for infants and children are as follows :

Vaccination chart for babies in India

Vaccine Age Dose Route of administration Site of administration
For infants
BCG 0 ( at birth ) 0.1 ml ( 0.05 ml up to 1 month of age ) Intradermal Left upper arm
Hepatitis B Three doses at 0 ( at birth ), 6 weeks, and 10 weeks of birth, respectively. 0.5 ml Intramuscular Left mid-thigh
 OPV – 0 0 ( at birth ) 2 drops Oral
OPV 1, 2 & 3 At 6 weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks of birth 2 drops Oral
 IPV 14 weeks 0.5 ml Intramuscular Right mid-thigh
Pentavalent 1, 2 & 3 At 6 weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks of birth 0.5 ml Intramuscular Left mid-thigh
Rotavirus vaccine At 6 weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks of birth 5 drops Oral
The measles vaccine, 1st dose 9 completed months – 12 months ( maybe given up to 5 years of birth ) 0.5 ml Subcutaneous Right upper arm
Vitamin A, 1st dose At 9 months with measles vaccine 1 ml ( 1 lakh IU ) Oral
For children
DPT 1st booster 16 to 24 months 0.5 ml Intramuscular Left mid-thigh
OPV booster 16 to 24 months 2 drops Oral
The measles vaccine, 2nd dose 16 to 24 months 0.5 ml Subcutaneous Right upper arm
Vitamin A ( 2nd to 9th dose ) At 16 months with DPT/OPV booster and then one dose for every 6th month up to 5 years of age 2 ml ( 2 lakh IU ) Oral
DPT 2nd booster 5 to 6 years 0.5 ml Intramuscular Left upper arm
TT 10 years and 16 years 0.5 ml Intramuscular Upper arm

References:

 

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