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Heart Attack: Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Heart Attack: Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

A heart attack is medically termed as Myocardial Infarction. It is a life-threatening medical emergency where the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked, mostly because of blood clots.

Symptoms :

  • Pain in the chest, severe pressing pain is experienced which radiates towards jaws, neck left arm and sometimes even back.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sense of anxiety
  • Lightheadedness

In few of the cases, no chest pain is experienced, in some cases, the pain is thought to be associated with indigestion. If any two symptoms suggesting heart attack is seen then you should go to the hospital. The severity of pain is not a determining factor for heart attack.

Causes :

  • Coronary heart disease is the major cause of heart attack. In coronary heart disease, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart is clogged mostly because of atherosclerosis. If the cholesterol plaque is detached forming a clot. These clots can further permanently block the blood supply to the heart.
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Smoking
  • High blood cholesterol levels
  • Few drugs like cocaine
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

Risk factors :

  • Men older than 45 years are more likely to suffer from a heart attack, however, women over 55 years are more prone to have a heart attack.
  • Tobacco smokers
  • People who suffer from uncontrolled diabetes
  • Family history
  • People suffering from uncontrolled hypertension
  • People having high blood cholesterol levels
  • Uncontrolled stress

Complications :

  • Irregular heartbeat usually tachycardia leading to Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Rupture of heart muscles or valves.

The complications have an impact insidiously soon after heart attack leading to death.

The complications are directly proportional to age.

Prevention :

Heart Attack

  • Quit smoking
  • Reduce your weight if you are obese
  • Exercise regularly, unless you are advised not to do so
  • Eat healthy food, make sure that your food is rich in fibre and low in unhealthy fat
  • Reduce alcohol consumption

When to see a doctor :

When you experience chest discomfort, with Nausea, breathlessness, and anxiety. If you have any two of the symptoms of a heart attack go to the emergency. Tell your doctor about your family history and also your medical history.

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